Source code for dragonfly.actions.action_startapp

#
# This file is part of Dragonfly.
# (c) Copyright 2007, 2008 by Christo Butcher
# Licensed under the LGPL.
#
#   Dragonfly is free software: you can redistribute it and/or modify it 
#   under the terms of the GNU Lesser General Public License as published 
#   by the Free Software Foundation, either version 3 of the License, or 
#   (at your option) any later version.
#
#   Dragonfly is distributed in the hope that it will be useful, but 
#   WITHOUT ANY WARRANTY; without even the implied warranty of 
#   MERCHANTABILITY or FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE.  See the GNU 
#   Lesser General Public License for more details.
#
#   You should have received a copy of the GNU Lesser General Public 
#   License along with Dragonfly.  If not, see 
#   <http://www.gnu.org/licenses/>.
#

"""
BringApp and StartApp actions
============================================================================

The :class:`StartApp` and :class:`BringApp` action classes are used to 
start an application and bring it to the foreground.  :class:`StartApp` 
starts an application by running an executable file, while 
:class:`BringApp` first checks whether the application is already running 
and if so brings it to the foreground, otherwise starts it by running the 
executable file.


Example usage
----------------------------------------------------------------------------

The following example brings Notepad to the foreground if it is already 
open, otherwise it starts Notepad::

   BringApp(r"C:\Windows\system32\\notepad.exe").execute()

Note that the path to *notepad.exe* given above might not be correct for 
your computer, since it depends on the operating system and its 
configuration.

In some cases an application might be accessible simply through the file 
name of its executable, without specifying the directory.  This depends on 
the operating system's path configuration.  For example, on the author's 
computer the following command successfully starts Notepad::

   BringApp("notepad").execute()


Class reference
----------------------------------------------------------------------------

"""

import os.path
from subprocess           import Popen
from .action_base         import ActionBase, ActionError
from .action_focuswindow  import FocusWindow


#---------------------------------------------------------------------------

[docs]class StartApp(ActionBase): """ Start an application. When this action is executed, it runs a file (executable), optionally with commandline arguments. """ def __init__(self, *args, **kwargs): """ Constructor arguments: - *args* (variable argument list of *str*'s) -- these strings are passed to subprocess.Popen() to start the application as a child process - *cwd* (*str*, default *None*) -- if not *None*, then start the application in this directory """ ActionBase.__init__(self) self._args = args if "cwd" in kwargs: self._cwd = kwargs.pop("cwd") else: self._cwd = None if kwargs: raise ArgumentError("Invalid keyword arguments: %r" % kwargs) # Expand any variables within path names. self._args = [self._interpret(a) for a in self._args] if self._cwd: self._cwd = self._interpret(self._cwd) self._str = str(", ".join(repr(a) for a in self._args)) def _interpret(self, path): return os.path.expanduser(os.path.expandvars(path)) def _execute(self, data=None): self._log.debug("Starting app: %r" % (self._args,)) try: Popen(self._args, cwd=self._cwd) except Exception, e: raise ActionError("Failed to start app %s: %s" % (self._str, e))
#---------------------------------------------------------------------------
[docs]class BringApp(StartApp): """ Bring an application to the foreground, starting it if it is not yet running. When this action is executed, it looks for an existing window of the application specified in the constructor arguments. If an existing window is found, that window is brought to the foreground. On the other hand, if no window is found the application is started. Note that the constructor arguments are identical to those used by the :class:`StartApp` action class. """ def __init__(self, *args, **kwargs): """ Constructor arguments: - *args* (variable argument list of *str*'s) -- these strings are passed to :meth:`subprocess.Popen` to start the application as a child process - *cwd* (*str*, default *None*) -- if not *None*, then start the application in this directory """ StartApp.__init__(self, *args, **kwargs) def _execute(self, data=None): self._log.debug("Bringing app: %r" % (self._args,)) target = self._args[0].lower() focus_action = FocusWindow(executable=target) # Attempt to focus on an existing window. if not focus_action.execute(): # Failed to focus on an existing window, so start # the application. StartApp._execute(self, data)